Dr. James Sutherland

PREVIOUS POSITION AND EXPERIENCE
 
Employed for 28 years as a Research Scientist III, Lake Services Section, Bureau of Watershed Assessment and Management, Division of Water, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, NY
 
POST-RETIREMENT ACTIVITIES
 
Following my retirement in 2005, my wife, Anne, who is an entrepreneur and professional artist (specializing in oil on canvas), and I moved to Nantucket Island where we resided for 8 years before returning back to Upstate New York during April 2013. 
 
While residing on Nantucket Island, I became involved with several different water quality projects including Head of Hummock Pond, Hummock Pond, Miacomet Pond, and 2 shallow well studies involving the effect of ground water on fresh water and brackish pond water quality.  All of these studies were conducted with endorsement and financial sponsorships through the Nantucket Land Council, Inc., a 501 (c)(3) non-profit dedicated to protecting Nantucket’s natural world and rural character by holding and enforcing conservation restrictions, commissioning scientific research, monitoring development proposals, engaging in legal proceedings to protect natural resources, and educating the public on local environmental issues. 
 
Between 2005 and 2013, I served on the Board of Directors of 3 organizations including the Nantucket Community Music Center, the South Church Preservation Fund, and the Nantucket Land Council, Inc. 
 
Project manager of a 2012 water quality study for the Taconic Shores Property Owners Association Inc. on Robinson Pond in Columbia County, NY.
 
From 1994 through 2012 was Co-Principal Investigator of the Adirondack Effects Assessment Program that was implemented to determine the effectiveness of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments in reducing acid deposition in the Adirondack Mountains of New York State.  Appropriation from US Congress to the Darrin Fresh Water Institute (DFWI) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute funded the AEAP between 1994 and 2006; the remaining years were funded through in-kind services by DFWI and a grant from the New York State Energy Research Development Authority (NYSERDA). 
 
Project manager of a 2013-2014 water quality study for the Kirk Lake Watershed Association on Kirk Lake in Putnam County, NY.
 
Currently an Independent Consultant with The FUND For Lake George conducting a watershed assessment and stormwater monitoring project on the Finkle Brook watershed in the Town of Bolton, Lake George.
 
RESEARCH INTERESTS, SOCIETIES AND VOLUNTEER EFFORTS
 
Effects of cultural eutrophication, nonpoint source pollution and acidification on water bodies.
 
Restoration and protection of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems
 
Past member of the North American Lake Management Society
 
Honorary Member, Founding Member, Past President, Acting Secretary, and Treasurer for the Northeast Aquatic Plant Management Society (Chapter of Aquatic Plant Management Society)
 
 
EDUCATION
       
Ph.D., 1978, Aquatic Ecology, Physiology, The State University of New York at Albany
       
M. S., 1969, Limnology, The State University of New York at Buffalo
       
B. S., 1966, Biology, The State University of New York at Buffalo
 
THESES
 
Master’s Thesis -  A study of the diel vertical migration of selected zooplankton in three lakes of western New York.  59 p.  Major Professor – Kenton M. Stewart, SUNY Buffalo.
 
Doctoral Thesis  -  Environmental regulation of the diapause interval and diapause termination in the dicyclic and the spring monocyclic patterns of Daphnia pulex:  A basis for the distinction between different seasonal patterns.  215 p.  Major Professor – Raymond G. Stross, SUNY Albany.
 
SUMMARY OF MAJOR ASSIGNMENTS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS DURING TENURE AT NYSDEC:
 
Project manager and one of 3 scientists who conducted the Lake George Urban Runoff Study (1980-1983) funded by U.S. EPA ($560,000), and part of the Nationwide Urban Runoff Program, to determine the effect of stormwater runoff from developed areas on the water quality of a 28,000-acre recreational lake.
 
Developed original New York State lake association database and organized workshop for lake property owners group which lead to the formation of the New York State Federation of Lake Associations, a statewide coalition of organizations dedicated to the preservation and restoration of all lakes, ponds and rivers throughout New York State.
 
Organized and conducted synoptic surveys of water chemistry and biota in 55 waters in the Adirondack Mountain Region during 1982 and 1983.
 
Prepared, submitted grant proposal to US EPA/NCSU Acid Deposition Program (NAPAP); received funding ($78,000) to conduct Adirondack Biota Project during mid-1980’s.
 
Member of Water Quality Subcommittee on Commissioner William's Task Force for the Plan for the Future of the Lake George Park that developed a basin-wide management plan for the 28,000-acre recreational lake.
 
Designed and implemented the New York State Citizens' Statewide Lake Assessment Program that trains and equips volunteers to monitor lake water quality, and supervised the Program Coordinator during first year effort.
 
 Prepared and submitted grant proposal to City of Saratoga Springs and received funding ($100,000) to conduct water quality and watershed study of Loughberry Lake, the City's principal water supply.  The results alerted the City to existing and potential water quality and water supply problems that needed to be addressed when planning the City's future growth.
 
Developed sampling protocol for chemistry and biota in acidified waters and initiated the Long-term Ecosystem Monitoring Program in the Adirondacks to document effects of air emissions reduction policies in New York State.
 
Prepared and submitted proposal to US EPA Clean Lakes Program and secured funding ($367,000 Federal) to conduct Lake George Phase II Restoration Project.
       
Prepared a major (100+ page) technical report on water resources and water quality in the 6.5 million acre Adirondack Park for Governor Cuomo's 1990 Commission on the Adirondacks in the Twenty-First Century and proposed recommendations for future resource management.
 
Designed and implemented a nuisance aquatic plant management program at Lake George (NY) to control the growth and spread of Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum) using physical techniques (benthic barrier, suction harvesting and hand harvesting).  This plan still is being followed by the Lake George Park Commission.
 
 Designed and completed a study for the Lake George Park Commission to determine the feasibility of retrofitting developed areas in the Lake George drainage basin with stormwater control measures (both structural and non-structural).  Stormwater control structures were evaluated using GIS technology that includes modeling the hydrological environment of watersheds and using physical system attributes to screen potential structures and locations.
 
 Conducted a series of stormwater management studies in Lake George, New York with funds (totaling $600,000) awarded under Section 319 of the Clean Water Act, Nonpoint Source Pollution.  Several storm sewer and tributary outflows were instrumented to collect discharge and water chemistry data prior to implementation of stormwater management in the catchments.
 
A co-investigator with scientists from the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station on restoration research at Onondaga Lake, New York, to demonstrate in-Lake revegetation techniques in a severely polluted body of water with an impoverished plant community.  
 
Field Project Officer, Program Data Coordinator and Co-Principal Investigator for the Adirondack Effects Assessment Program which was funded ($6 million) and initiated (1994) by US EPA to evaluate the response of water chemistry and biological populations in 35 lakes and ponds to the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments.  The project continued until the end of 2012 and was funded during the last 3 years New York State Energy Research and Development Authority.
 
Conducted a single year study for The FUND For Lake George that investigated the ambient levels of calcium and chloride in all (140+) stormsewers and streams that flow into Lake George, NY along the 100-mile shoreline.
 
Designed and conducted a Section 314 (CWA) Clean Lakes Phase I Diagnostic-Feasibilty Study on Upper Saranac Lake which was related to an investigation and subsequent legal action involving the NYSDEC-operated Fish Hatchery at Lake Clear, NY.
 
Designed and conducted a Section 314 (CWA) Clean Lakes Phase I Diagnostic-Feasibilty Study at Long Lake, NY as a result of local concern about the potential development along the shoreline of the lake.
 
PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS
 
Berger, E. and J. W. Sutherland.  1978.  Allozyme variation in two natural populations of Daphnia pulex.  Heredity  41:  13-23.
 
Sutherland, J. W., S. O. Quinn, J. A. Bloomfield, and C. A. Siegfried.  1984.  Lake acidification and the biology of Adirondack lakes.  II.  Crustacean zooplankton communities.  Pages 380-384 in Lake and Reservoir Management:  Acidic Precipitation.  Proc. 3rd Annu. Conf., N. Am. Lake Manage. Soc., Oct. 18-20, 1983, Knoxville, Tenn.  EPA 440/5-84-001.  U. S. Environ. Prot. Agency, Washington, D. C.
 
Bloomfield, J. A., J. W. Sutherland, J. Swart, and C. A. Siegfried.  1984.  Surface runoff water quality from developed areas surrounding a recreational lake.  Pages 40-47 in Lake and Reservoir Management: Acidic Precipitation.  Proc. 3rd Annu. Conf., N. Am. Lake Manage. Soc., Oct. 18-20, 1983, Knoxville, Tenn.  EPA 440/5-84-001.  U. S. Environ. Prot. Agency, Washington, D. C.
 
Siegfried, C. A., J. W. Sutherland, S. O. Quinn, and J. A. Bloomfield.  1984.  Lake acidification and the biology of Adirondack lakes. I. Rotifer communities.  Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol.  22:  549-558.
 
Siegfried, C. A., J. A. Bloomfield, and J. W. Sutherland.  1987.  Acidification, vertebrate, and invertebrate predators and the structure of zooplankton communities in Adirondack lakes.  Lake Reserv. Manage.  3: 385-393.
 
Siegfried, C. A., J. W. Sutherland, and S. O. Quinn.  1987.  Plankton community response to the chemical neutralization of three acidified waters in the Adirondack mountain region of NY State.  Lake Reserv. Manage.  3: 44-451.
 
Siegfried, C. A., J. W. Sutherland, and J. A. Bloomfield.  1987.  Analysis of plankton community structure in Adirondack lakes in relation to acidification.  Pages 445-450 in R. Perry, R. M. Harrison, J. N. B. Bell, and J. N. Lester (eds.), Acid Rain: Scientific and Technical Advances.  Selper Ltd, London.
 
Fleck, A. M., M. J. Lacki, and J. Sutherland.  1988.  Response by white birch (Betula papyrifera) to road salt applications at Cascade Lakes, New York.  J. Environ. Manage.  27:  369-377.
 
Siegfried, C. A., J. A. Bloomfield, and J. W. Sutherland.  1989.  Planktonic rotifer community structure in Adirondack lakes: Effects of acidity, trophic status, and related water quality characteristics.  Hydrobiologia  175:  33-48.
 
Siegfried, C. A., J. A. Bloomfield, and J. W. Sutherland. 1989. Acidity status, and phytoplankton species richness, standing crop, and community composition in Adirondack, New York, U. S. A. lakes.  Hydrobiologia  175:  13-32.
 
Siegfried, C. A. and J. W. Sutherland. 1989.  Empirical prediction of zooplankton biomass in Adirondack lakes.  Lake Reserv. Manage. 5(2): 91-97.
 
Sutherland, J. W., S. A. Kishbaugh, J. A. Bloomfield, W. T. Lavery and F. E. VanAlstyne.  1990.  Technical Paper #21.  Water Resources and Water Quality in the Adirondack Park.  Pages 594-701 in Volume 2, Technical Reports, Commission on the Adirondacks in the Twenty-first Century.  Albany, NY
 
Madsen, J. D., J. W. Sutherland, J. A. Bloomfield, L. W. Eichler, and C. W. Boylen.  1991.  The decline of native vegetation under dense eurasian watermilfoil canopies.  J. Aquat. Plant Manage. 29: 94-99.
 
Siegfried, C. A. and J. W. Sutherland.  1992.  Zooplankton communities of Adirondack lakes:  changes in community structure associated with acidification.  Jour. Freshwater Ecol. 7: 97-112.
 
Madsen, J.D., J.A. Bloomfield, J.W. Sutherland, L.W. Eichler and C.W. Boylen.  1996a.  The aquatic macrophytes community of Onondaga Lake:  Field survey and plant growth bioassays of lake sediments.  Land and reservoirs Management 12:73-79. 
 
Madsen, J.D., R.M. Smart, L.W. Eichler, C.W. Boylen, J.W. Sutherland, and J.A. Bloomfield.  1996b.  Aquatic Macrophytes.  In:  S.W. Effler, editor.  Limnological and Engineering Analysis of a Polluted Lake: Prelude to Environmental Management of Onondaga Lake, New York.  Springer-Verlag, New York.  Pp. 436-446.
 
Momen, B., J.P. Zehr, C.W. Boylen and J.W. Sutherland.  1998.  Determinants of summer nitrate concentration in a set of Adirondack lakes, New York. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 111:19-28.
 
West, T.A., J.W. Sutherland, J.A. Bloomfield, J.D. Madsen, R. Nemecek, C.W. Boylen, L.W. Eichler, N.H. Ringler, M.A. Arrigo, D.L. Smith, B. Robinson, C.A. Siegfried and P.K. Ducey.  2000.  Onondaga Lake Wetland Connection Evaluation Report.  New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Water, Albany, New York.  44 pp.
 
Momen, B., G.B. Lawrence, J.W. Sutherland, L.W. Eichler, J.P. Harrison, S.A. Nierzwicki-Bauer and C.W. Boylen.  2006.  Trends in summer chemistry linked to productivity in lakes recovering from acid deposition in the Adirondack Region of New York, USA.  Ecosystems 9:1306-1317.
 
Lawrence, G.B., J.W. Sutherland, C.W. Boylen, S.A. Nierzwicki-Bauer, B. Momen, B.P. Baldigo, and H.A. Simonin.  2007.   Acid rain effects on aluminum mobilization clarified by inclusion of strong organic acids.  Environmental Science and Technology, 41:93-98.
 
Lawrence, G.B., J.W. Sutherland, C.W. Boylen, S.A. Nierzwicki-Bauer, B. Momen, B.P. Baldigo, and H.A. Simonin,  2007.  Acid rain effects on aluminum mobilization clarified by inclusion of strong organic acids.  Environmental Science and Technology 41:93-98.
 
Lawrence, G.B., K.M. Roy, B.P. Baldigo, H.A. Simonin, S.B. Capone, J.W. Sutherland, S.A. Nierzwicki-Bauer and C.W. Boylen.  2008.  Chronic and episodic acidification of Adirondack streams from acid rain in 2003-2005.  Journal Environmental Quality, 37:2264-2274.
 
Daniels, R. A., R. S. Morse, J. W. Sutherland, R. T. Bombard and C. W. Boylen. 2008. Fish movement among lakes: Are lakes isolated?  Northeastern Naturalist 15(4):577-588.
 
TECHNICAL REPORTS
 
Sutherland, J. W.  1982.  An Evaluation of the Lake George Surface Water Bacteriological Monitoring Program.  New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Bureau of Water Research.  36 p.
 
Sutherland, J. W., J. A. Bloomfield, and J. M. Swart.  1982.  Surface Runoff from Green Island (Town of Bolton, Warren County, New York):  Potential effects of amending the existing land use classification from low intensity to hamlet.  New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Bureau of Water Research.  20 p. + appendices.
 
Sutherland, J. W.  1983.  Lake George-Upper Hudson Region Wastewater Facilities Plan Environmental Impact Statement Review Project.  New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Bureau of Water Research.  45 p.  (includes Executive Summary and Consultant Reports)   
 
Sutherland, J. W., J. A. Bloomfield and J. M. Swart.  1983.  Final Report: Lake George Urban Runoff Study, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency Nationwide Urban Runoff Program.  New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Bureau of Water Research.  84 p. + appendices.
 
Sutherland, J. W., J. A. Bloomfield, M. R. Rafferty, and R. J. Bazarnick.  1988.  Final Report  -  A Water Quality and Watershed Study of Loughberry Lake.  New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Water.  155 p. + appendices.
 
Madsen, J. D., J. W. Sutherland, J. A. Bloomfield, K. M. Roy, L. W. Eichler, and C. W. Boylen.  1989.  Final Report: The Lake George Aquatic Plant Survey.  New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Publication prepared for the Lake George Park Commission.  219 p. + appendices.
 
Madsen, J. D., J. W. Sutherland and L. W. Eichler.  1989.  Interim Report:  Hand Harvesting Eurasian watermilfoil in Lake George.  Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Rensselaer Fresh Water Institute, Technical Report #89-9. 29 p.
 
Sutherland, J. W. (Editor).  1989.  Final Report: Adirondack Biota Project - Field surveys of the biota and selected water chemistry parameters in 50 Adirondack mountain lakes.  U. S. Environmental Protection Agency/North Carolina State University Acid Precipitation Program.  220 p. + appendices.
 
Sutherland, J. W.  1990.  1990 interim report on the Lake George nuisance aquatic plant management program.  43 p. + appendices.
 
Madsen, J.D., L.W. Eichler, J.W. Sutherland, J.A. Bloomfield, R.M. Smart and C.W. Boylen.  1993.  Submersed Littoral Vegetation Distribution:  Field Quanitification and Experimental Analysis of Sediment Types from Onondaga Lake, New York.  Technical Report A-93-14.  U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS.  60 pp.
 
Sutherland, James W.  1999.  Final Report for The Lake George Phase II Clean Lakes Project.  USEPA Clean Lakes Phase II Restoration Project #s 002287-01-3.  Northern Watersheds Section, Division of Water, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, New York.  22 pp.
 
West, T.A., J.W. Sutherland, J.A. Bloomfield and D.W. Lake.  2001.  Final Report:  A Study of the Effectiveness of a Vortechs™ Strormwater Treatment System for Removal of Total Suspended Solids and Other Pollutants in the Marine Village Watershed, Village of Lake George, New York.  New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Division of Water, Albany New York.  Presented to NYS Soil and Water Conservation Committee.  21 pp + appendices.
 
Hassett, J.P., H. Chandler Rowell and J.W. Sutherland.  2002.  Final Report:  A program to Monitor the Distribution of Motorboat Effluent Compounds in Lake George.  Prepared by the State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry.  Submitted to The FUND For Lake George.  24 pp.